CAROTID ARTERY DISEASE (CAD) –
CAD occurs when the main arteries in the neck, or the carotid arteries, become narrowed or blocked. These arteries supply the blood flow to the brain. When plaque builds up in the arteries and reduces or stops blood flow through the Carotid Arteries it is called Carotid Artery Disease (CAD). CAD can lead to stroke.
Carotid Artery Screening:
The carotid artery screening is a simple, painless, and non-invasive ultrasound exam. Patients are asked to lie on their back on an exam table. A water based gel is applied to the neck, the technologist will move an instrument called a transducer on the neck to create images of the carotid arteries and evaluate the rate of blood flow within them. There are no known harmful effects of ultrasound on humans. Unlike traditional x-rays, there is no radiation exposure with this test.
ABDOMINAL AORTIC ANEURYSM (AAA) Screening-
The pressure from blood flowing through the abdominal aorta can cause the aorta to bulge producing an aneurysm. Aortic Aneurysms are a health risk because they can rupture or burst. A ruptured aneurysm can cause severe internal bleeding leading to shock or death. Most people are unaware that they have an aneurysm because typically they display no symptoms.
PERIPHERAL ARTERIAL DISEASE (PAD)-
PAD is the result of plaque building up in arteries outside of the heart. This mainly occurs in the arteries of the legs or feet reducing the oxygen carried to these limbs. PAD can cause heart attack, stroke or loss of a limb. Most people with signs of PAD mistake them for back or muscle problems. Risks for PAD increase with age, smoking, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol. Diabetes and family history are also factors.
P.A.D. is often referred to as poor leg circulation, however it is a serious condition that greatly increases your risk of a heart attack or stroke. Plaque builds up on the walls of the arteries, restricting the flow of blood to the legs and feet. This can become serious enough to lead to difficulty walking or amputation. P.A.D. is a sign that you may be at higher risk for narrowed arteries in the heart or brain as well. Our health screenings are performed using a non-invasive Doppler ultrasound. These ultrasound exams are a highly accurate method for detecting plaque or blocked arteries. There are currently no known adverse effects from ultrasound testing.